Water damage can be the result of rain, seepage, leaky pipes, clogged drains, clogged sinks, and so on. Water damage refers to a variety of potential losses resulting from water penetrating into a structure in such a way that it allows penetration of an attacking material or process by destructive processes like rotting, mold proliferation, growth of molds, corrosion of metal, de-amining of materials like plywood, etc. In fact, any kind of water intrusion can cause damage to a building, irrespective of the source (drought, flood, melting snow, excessive sun, overflowing of river, etc).
Depending upon the type of water damage, the required action or remedy varies. In case of flooding, prompt restoration and repair are necessary, whereas in the case of leaky pipes and water damage due to improper plumbing installation, prompt action would be to install a new plumbing line to ensure proper drainage. In case of excessive sunlight causing structural weakening, extensive roof replacement is called for. De-lamination of metals can lead to galvanic corrosion, which results in rusting of metals, metal plating, etc., and often leads to premature rust removal. All these problems need to be addressed by water restoration services, which employ the right water damage equipment and techniques.
Water damage due to sewer leakage or blockage also belongs to the category of structural damage, and hence requires extensive restoration work. However, the most common categories of water damage fall into the category of prevention, which calls for prompt attention to prevent further damage. For instance, prompt action to prevent water damage by blockage of sewers is often achieved by diverting the water to the sewer pipe, which is serviced on a regular basis.