Most homeowners are aware of the fact that when there is water damage, there is mold. Believe it or not, most homes are conducive to the growth of mold. Many homes are pro energy efficient, air tight and lack air circulation. These factors present the ideal environment for mold growth. And because mold typically feeds on dirt and dust, it is difficult to escape. Therefore most homes, water damage or not, have some form of mold. This is why it is important to become familiar with the most common household molds. Knowing how to identify and understand its origin, and how to treat and prevent it, is key to ensuring a healthy home environment for you and your family.
The most common types of mold found in residential homes are: Cladosporium, Penicillium, Aspergillus, and Alternaria. Cladosporium has a dark green to black “pepper” like appearance. It is found both inside and outside the home. Cladosporium is nontoxic to humans, but may cause allergic reactions and pulmonary injuries when inhaled. Because Cladosporium is usually found in places like air ducts, having this type of mold in the home can be problematic.
Penicillium is one of the most common molds in the United States. It is fuzzy, green, blue and/or white in color. Inside the home, Penicillium can be found in spoiled foods like: sour cream, yogurt, and bread. Like Cladosporium, Penicillium can cause respiratory issues and allergic reactions such as: rash, itchy and watery eyes, and coughing or sneezing.
Aspergillus is an allergenic form of mold that is generally found in the home’s air conditioning components, but is considered dangerous because of its ability to spread quickly. When airborne, Aspergillus can cause severe damage to the respiratory system of your family and pets.
Alternaria is smooth in texture, dark green to dark brown in color. It is most often found in damp places like bathtubs, showers, leaking faucets and sinks. Unlike most molds, Alternaria does not depend on moisture to thrive and can be found in dry places. In the event that large amounts of water or water damage is present, Alternaria will begin to grow at record speed.
In conclusion, it is important to know and understand the different types of mold that exist in the home, and how to treat and prevent them. Mold in Phoenix AZ depends on three factors in order to thrive: moisture, fuel (oxygen, dirt and dust), and the ideal temperature. Removing at least one of these factors will help prevent mold from reoccurring growth. Doing so will help ensure the health of yourself, your home, and your family.